「G77+中國」峰會閉幕 宣誓反貧窮 抗氣候變遷

Category: 水新聞 Created: Monday, 23 June 2014 10:04
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摘譯自2014年6月16日ENS聖塔克魯茲,玻利維亞報導;江惟真編譯;蔡麗伶審校

聯合國秘書長潘基文15日在玻利維亞聖塔克魯茲高峰會上,向開發中國家「77國集團」(G77)和中國表示:「數十億貧窮人口和地球的未來,端看我們的努力成功與否。」

潘基文強調,2015年後的目標必須在人類和地球的需求間達成平衡,呼籲全球超過130國的領袖和政府代表,以行動對抗氣候變遷和自然資源的非永續利用。

「G77+中國」峰會閉幕 宣誓反貧窮 抗氣候變遷

G77峰會閉幕 發表聖塔克魯茲宣言

與會領導人當日結束為期兩天的高峰會,並通過聖塔克魯茲宣言,內容涵蓋永續發展、氣候變遷、科技、經濟、貿易、民主制度建立、消除貧窮和不平等,以及婦女參與發展和全球經濟治理等。

G77是由聯合國77個國家於1964年為強化各國的經濟利益所組成。這個團體現在包含超過130國,大約是聯合國會員國的2/3、超過全球人口的60%。2000年世界領導人設立這8項反貧窮目標,其中包括了確保環境永續性。

潘基文坦言有些目標恐難以達成,將會列入下一階段的發展目標,並在明年的聯合國70周年紀念正式同意。

消滅貧窮列2015年後重要目標

玻利維亞總統 Evo Morales說,「聖塔克魯茲山脈宣言」(Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra)宣誓成員國將把消滅貧窮視為2015年後發展議程的主要目標。宣言中點出,已開發國家非永續的消費和生產,導致不平等問題惡化

潘基文也呼籲G77領袖實現永續發展的同時捍衛人權、妥善治理和貫徹法治。

今年9月各國領袖將齊聚聯合國紐約總部參加年度大會,潘基文將召開氣候高峰會。他的目標是為明年巴黎的官方談話凝聚能量,好讓世界各國領袖同意具法律效力的溫室氣體限排條約。

今年12月,聯合國氣候變化框架公約(UNFCCC)成員國將在祕魯召開明年巴黎談判前的最後一次正式高層會議。

Group of 77 and China Agree to Fight Climate Change
SANTA CRUZ, Bolivia, June 16, 2014 (ENS)

“The fate of billions of poor people and the state of the planet depend on the success of our efforts,” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told leaders of the Group of 77 and China at their summit meeting Sunday in Santa Cruz.

The leaders ended their two-day summit on Sunday by adopting the Santa Cruz Declaration, which covers sustainable development, climate change, technology, economy, trade,  the building of democratic institutions, eradication of poverty and inequality, inclusion of women in development and global economic governance.

These eight anti-poverty targets, set by world leaders in the year 2000, include a goal to ensure environmental sustainability.

Some targets might not be met, Ban acknowledged. They will have to be part of the next set of development targets, which will be officially agreed upon next year on the 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations.

The post-2015 goals must balance the needs of people and the planet, the UN chief stressed, urging the gathered heads of state and government representatives from more than 130 countries to act against climate change and the unsustainable use of natural resources.

The “Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra” stated as a priority of its member countries to eradicate poverty as main objective of the post-2015 development agenda, said President of Bolivia Evo Morales.

The declaration emphasizes the problem of inequality, a situation exacerbated by unsustainable patterns of consumption and production in developed countries.

The G77 was established by 77 States as a Group within the United Nations in 1964 to promote its countries’ economic interests. The group now includes more than 130 countries, about two-thirds of the UN membership, and over 60 percent of the world’s population.

Ban will convene a climate summit in September when world leaders gather at UN Headquarters in New York for the annual General Assembly meeting. His goal is to build on momentum ahead of official talks in Paris next year when world leaders are expected to agree on a legally-binding treaty to limit climate-altering greenhouse gas emissions.

In December, the governments that are parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will meet in Peru in their last official high-level meeting before the negotiations in Paris the next year.

Ban also urged the G77 leaders to uphold human rights, good governance and the rule of law in achieving sustainable 

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

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