開啟「世代間談判」 G7承諾年底簽氣候協議

Category: 水新聞 Created: Thursday, 11 June 2015 05:00
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摘譯自2015年6月8日ENS德國,Krün報導;姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

七大工業國領袖8日承諾,將在今年內採取「緊急具體行動」因應氣候變遷,包括簽訂年底巴黎氣候峰會產生的新氣候協議。

2015年G7峰會。圖片來源:The Prime Minister's Office。(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

無碳經濟 G7承諾世紀末達到

根據本次G7峰會會後公報,七大工業國領導人承諾,在2050年前減少溫室氣體排放達2010年水準的40%到70%,同時在世紀末前實現無碳經濟。

G7峰會由德國總理梅克爾主持。與會代表有法國總理歐蘭德、英國首相卡麥隆、義大利首相倫齊、歐盟執委會主席榮克(Jean-Claude Juncker)、歐洲理事會主席圖斯克(Donald Tusk)、日本內閣總理安倍晉三以及加拿大總理哈珀(Stephen Harper )。

「我們承諾將二氧化碳排放量從1990年的水準減少40%。我們很有企圖心,我們2013年的碳排放量比1990年少19%,同時GDP增加45%。如果我們可以讓碳排比1990年少40%,表示全英國、德國和法國的碳排都可以降為零。」榮克說。

不只是工業化國家 巴黎協議將是世代間談判

此外,G7領導人也承諾,將產生新的法律文書或其他具有法律約束力的工具,約束全世界各國政府的氣候作為,使之於2020年生效,取代只約束工業化國家的1997年京都議定書。

美國國會從未批准京都議定書,加拿大也已宣布退出。榮克表示,將在巴黎峰會上推動具有法律約束力的協議,新的氣候協議必須「具有企圖心、堅實有力、具包容性,並且反映各國情勢變化」。

「這不只是南北半球間的談判,更是這個世代跟下一個世代間的談判,考驗我們所有人的智慧。」榮克說。

G7峰會舉行的同時,明(11)日在德國波昂也將結束12月巴黎氣候峰會前的最後一次談判。聯合國秘書長潘基文7日在波昂表示,此時是全世界打造美好未來的絕佳機會,並呼籲世界各國支持保護地球、確保永續發展,並投入資金和技術達成這些目標。

G7 Leaders Promise ‘Urgent’ Climate Action
KRUEN, Germany, June 8, 2015 (ENS)

Leaders of the G7 nations today pledged to take “urgent and concrete action” on climate change this year, including a new legally-binding climate agreement to be hammered out at the UN Climate Summit in Paris in December.

In a communique issued at the end of the G7 meeting in Kruen, the leaders said they are committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 40 to 70 percent by 2050, compared to 2010 levels, and decarbonizing their economies by the end of the century.

In thee communique, the G7 leaders committed to negotiating “another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force” that would include all the world’s governments.

Scheduled to take effect in 2020, it would replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which covered only industrialized countries. The United States never ratified the Protocol and Canada has opted out of its commitments under that pact.

The G7 leaders said the Paris climate agreement must be “ambitious, robust, inclusive and reflects evolving national circumstances.”

“We continue to make progress toward a strong climate agreement,” President Barack Obama said in a news conference immediately after the conclusion of the G7 meeting.

Hosting the G7 leaders was German Chancellor Angela Merkel. At the table were: French President Francois Hollande, British Prime Minister David Cameron, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, EU Council President Donald Tusk, Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper.

“At the Paris summit, which we want to be a success, I will be pushing for binding agreements,” said President Juncker. “This is not just a discussion between North and South. It is actually a discussion between this generation and the generations to come. This puts us all to the test.”

“We have committed to reduce CO2 emissions by 40 percent in comparison to 1990. We have shown that you have to be ambitious, said Juncker. “We have been ambitious. We were able to reduce the emissions from 1990 to 2013 by 19 percent although the GDP was increasing by 45 percent. We would like others to join us. If we are reducing emissions by 40 percent in comparison to 1990 this would in fact mean that all the emissions of the UK, Germany and France would have been brought down to zero.”

The G7 leaders met as the latest round of UN climate negotiations are underway in Bonn, Germany through June 11.

The world has before it a unique opportunity to build a better future for all, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon declared Sunday in Bonn, where he urged broad support for protecting the planet, ensuring sustainable development and unleashing the finances and technology to ensure these vital goals are achieved.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS


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