「水土保育基金」刺激經濟 歐巴馬續撥9億

Category: 水新聞 Created: Friday, 18 July 2014 05:02
Hits: 1122
摘譯自2014年7月15日ENS美國,華盛頓特區報導;江惟真編譯;蔡麗伶審校

歐巴馬3月宣布的2015年預算提案中,有一筆全面、長期性的「水土保育基金」(Land and Water Conservation Fund,LWCF)美國內政部長Sally Jewell本月11日發表2013年經濟報告,表示內政部替美國經濟貢獻3600億美元,提供全國超過2百萬個工作機會,並宣揚歐巴馬對水土保持基金的願景。

「水土保育基金」刺激經濟 歐巴馬續撥9億

善加規劃國家公園、保護區、古蹟 貢獻國家經濟

內政部政策分析室製作的2013年度經濟報告指出,國家公園、野生動物保護區、古蹟和其他內政部主管的公共土地,2013年總計有4億7百萬人次造訪旅遊。光是遊客就貢獻410億美金給美國經濟,提供全國355,000個工作機會。

水土保持基金的主要來源,是外圍大陸棚的聯邦石油和天然氣租賃營收。

歐巴馬在預算提案中,2015財政年度規劃總值達9億自主金額強制性金額並自2016財政年度起,每年為內政部和農業部水土保持基金提供9億的強制性金額

投資1元給公共空間 可得4元自然服務、報酬

7月8日Jewell宣布,將先從水土保持基金撥款4338萬給50個州、領地和哥倫比亞特區,供戶外休閒和保育計畫使用。

此基金可讓地方政府興建棒球場和社區綠地等公共休憩空間,讓民眾多親近河流、湖泊和其他水資源,並推廣和詮釋歷史文化景點,以及保存自然景觀,供戶外休憩之用。

Jewell強調,水土保持基金有助於促進當地經濟,還能提供戶外休閒和觀光業方面的工作機會。

非營利組織「公共土地信託」近期發表的報告指出,由水土保持基金投資的每1元土地徵用,能創造4元的自然產品和服務報酬。

Land and Water Conservation Fund a Powerful Economic Engine
WASHINGTON, DC, July 15, 2014 (ENS)

The activities of the Department of the Interior contributed $360 billion to the U.S. economy in 2013, supporting more than two million jobs across the country, says Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell.

Secretary Jewell released the economic report on Friday, capping a weeklong series of events highlighting President Barack Obama’s vision of full, permanent funding of the Land and Water Conservation Fund, announced in March with his 2015 budget proposal.

The 9,624 acre Rocky Fork tract in Tennessee’s Cherokee National Forest is the largest unprotected area in the southern Appalachians. With $29 million in federal, state, and private funds invested, the U.S. Forest Service and the State of Tennessee need more from the Land and Water Conservation Fund to protect it. 

Prepared by Interior’s Office of Policy Analysis, the U.S. Department of the Interior Economic Report for Fiscal Year 2013 finds that national parks, wildlife refuges, monuments and other public lands managed by Interior hosted an estimated 407 million recreation visits in 2013 and that these visits alone contributed $41 billion to the economy and supported about 355,000 jobs nationwide.

The primary source of revenue for the Land and Water Conservation Fund is federal oil and gas leases on the Outer Continental Shelf.

President Obama’s budget request proposes $900 million in discretionary and mandatory funding in fiscal year 2015, and proposes to permanently authorize $900 million in annual mandatory funding for the Departments of the Interior and Agriculture Land and Water Conservation Fund programs beginning in fiscal year 2016.

On July 8 Jewell announced that $43.38 million will be distributed from the Land and Water Conservation Fund to all 50 states, the territories, and the District of Columbia for state-identified outdoor recreation and conservation projects.

The funds enable state and local governments to establish everything from baseball fields to community green spaces; to provide public access to rivers, lakes and other water resources; to expand access to and interpretation of historic and cultural sites; and to conserve natural landscapes for public outdoor recreation use and enjoyment.

Jewell emphasized that Land and Water Conservation Fund grants boost local economies and support jobs in the outdoor recreation and tourism industries.

A recent report by the nonprofit Trust for Public Land found that $1 invested in land acquisition through the Land and Water Conservation Fund generated a $4 return in nature-based goods and services.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

Read more http://e-info.org.tw/node/100775